In order to comprehend the process of European integration, this course will look into the economic and institutional integration processes (the liberalisation-harmonisation-competition triangle) at the root of the creation of the Single Market. It will outline the prospects of integration in the different fields of the European economy (analysis of the strategic industries such as energy, research, knowledge-intensive services, defence, transport and infrastructure). In this respect, this course will provide a short introduction to the tools used by the authorities to deepen the integration level in the European Union. The course will analyze the evolution of social cohesion within the European Union, the disparities between the different member countries and the various social actors. It will examine the elements and the policies which determine the level of social cohesion within the Union (principle of subsidiarity, redistributive tools, European social policies and institutional differences between member states). It will also assess the developments generated by the need to adapt to globalisation and by the recent enlargements.
DEVOLUY, Michel : « Les Politiques Economiques Européennes », Seuil Economie, Paris 2004.
DUBOUIS, Louis : « L'Union Européenne », Les Notices, Documentation Française, Paris, 2004.
EL AGRAA, Ali. M : « The European Union : Economics and Policies », 7th edition, Pearson Education, 2004.
PELKMANS, Jacques : « European Integration : Methods and Economic Analysis», 3rd edition, Pearson Education, 2006.
WALLACE Helen, WALLACE, William & POLLACK, Mark : « Policy-Making in the European Union » , Oxford University Press, 2006.